Han Mu Do

Grandmaster Dr. He-Young KimmGrandmaster Dr. He-Young Kimm, founder of Han Mu Do

Summary

Han Mu Do is an elaborate martial arts system consisting of four areas of study, including the empty hand techniques, the study of Ki, the study of weapons and the study of the philosophy of martial arts. It was created from various elements of several Korean martial art disciplines in 1989 by the famous He-Young Kimm. It is considered to be one of the best defense techniques and one of the most comprehensive contemporary martial arts systems. This discipline is recognized by the Korean government as a traditional martial art of Korea.

History / Origins

ETYMOLOGY

The name of this technique comes from three Korean words. Han stands for Korea (as in nation of optimism); Mu stands for Martial Art and Do means The Way. Therefore, the whole name itself means “The Way of Korean Martial Art”.(1)

BEGINNINGS

Han Mu Do has its roots in different techniques, mostly in the Hapkido. Hapkido was adapted from the Japanese Daitou-ryuu Aiki-juujutsu technique which was brought to Korea by Master Choi Yong-Sool just after the World War II. It included different kicking and striking techniques of contemporary arts such as Tae Kyon, as well as ground fighting styles and throwing techniques of Judo. However, compared to Han Mu Do, Hapkido is harder in nature and more aggressive.

Being created in 1989, Han Mu Do is a relatively young martial art. It was founded by the master He-Young Kimm, who has studied Hapkido under Grandmaster Ji Han Jae, its founder. Kimm has achieved 9th Dan Black Belt in Hapkido and the 8th Dan Black Belt in Kuk Sul under the Grandmaster Suh Ih Hyuk. He was also a connoisseur of other Korean systems, including Taekwondo, Tang Soo Do and the art of Korean Swordsmanship, Kum Do. Kimm was also introduced to rare techniques, including Sun Mu Do, Sundo, Muye Yi Ship Sa Ban, Tae Kyon and Ship Pal Ki. With his wide knowledge and help of the Grandmaster Ji, the founder of Hapkido, he was able to create an elaborate technique of Han Mu Do. Kimm tried to implement styles of traditional and modern Korean fighting techniques into a single system which would be suited for different combat situations one can encounter in modern times.(2)

PRESENT DAY

Although it was created just several decades ago, Han Mu Do gained a wide circle of practitioners. Some often mistake it for Hapkido, but the two styles greatly differ. Kimm wanted Han Mu Do to be suitable for almost any situation a fighter could encounter in modern life. Therefore, its moves are adapted for self-defence as well as for some kinds of attack. Numerous schools of martial arts, in particular those concentrating on Korean techniques, offer courses of Han Mu Do. It is popular as a mean of self-defence and as a recreational sport. Several large Han Mu Do associations exist and they organise a number of sports events every year. These include, just to name a few, the World Han Mu Do Association and the United States Han Mu Do Association.

FOLKLORE

Grandmaster Kimm created the technique of Han Mu Do in 1989 with the blessing and support of Grandmaster Ji and Grandmaster Suh. As a great specialist in the field of martial arts, he set out to include numerous moves of traditional Korean fighting styles which are known not only for elaborate techniques, but also for developed tradition and philosophic systems. He was collecting information on various styles since 1962.(3) Thus he included four different areas of study into this martial art, including the study of martial arts philosophy which also enriches the soul. The main point of the technique is the balance between different moves and the balance between physical and mental training. Its creator has also written a number of books on Korean Martial Arts.(4)

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Discipline
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COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: South Korea
TIME OF ORIGIN: 1989
PRACTISED: 30 years
FOUNDERS:

He-Young Kimm

FOCUS: 

ALSO KNOWN AS: Hanmudo
PARENTHOOD:

Hapkido

DESCENDANTS:

OLYMPIC SPORT: No

NOTABLE FEMALE PRATITIONERS

NOTABLE MALE PRATITIONERS

Grandmaster Dr. He-Young Kimm

Discipline
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NATIONALITY:
DATE OF BIRTH:
AGE: 30 years
BORN:

RESIDENCE: -
ALSO KNOWN AS: Hanmudo
OCCUPATION:

JOB TITLE:

Hapkido

RELATED FEMALE INDIVIDUALS

RELATED MALE INDIVIDUALS

Grandmaster Dr. He-Young Kimm

Discipline
flag
COUNTRY: South Korea
LOCATION: -
FOUNDED: 1989
OPERATIONAL: 30 years
FOUNDERS:

He-Young Kimm

ALSO KNOWN AS: Hanmudo
SECTOR:

DESCRIPTION:

Hapkido

WEBSITE: -

ACOSSIATED INDIVIDUALS

ACOSSIATED ATHLETES

Grandmaster Dr. He-Young Kimm

Practices

PHILOSOPHY

Han Mu Do pays much attention to the concept of balance and its Han Philosophy deals with four aspects of balance: the balance between high and low positions, the balance between oneself and the surroundings, the balance in physical and intellectual development and the balance in optimistic attitude towards life. In Han Mu Do, students always bow to their teachers before the class, same as the man establishes a moral code of honour by honouring God, his elders and juniors in Korean Tradition. When one fighter attacks high, the other attacks low in order to find the balance. Practitioners of Han Mu Do also respect Ki – the source of energy and the philosophy of the Cycle of Life.

TECHNIQUES

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TRAINING

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RANKS & GRADING

To achieve a 1st Dan Black Belt, the student of Han Mu Do has to go through 12 levels of rank training and testing. Each level comprises of 6 parts as follows: Philosophy of ancient Korean Masters, Ki Training, Striking and Kicking, Self defence techniques, Weapons (knife, Korean sword, long pole, rope, cane, etc) and free sparring. Further levels require elaborate combinations of techniques. Han Mu Do’s hand techniques are based on “softer” Korean martial arts, as well as “harder” ones – they are, however, mostly executed with open palms. Weapon training begins relatively early into one’s training and techniques are supposed to flow into each other. Every practitioner has to respect the code of honour and obey the philosophic principles of the technique.

WEIGHT CLASSES

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Rules / Rulesets

RULES / RULESETS

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Organisations & Historical Places

ORGANISATIONS

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HISTORICAL PLACES

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Popular Culture

POPULAR CULTURE

Han Mu Do is not often referred to in popular culture, as it is a relatively young technique. However, its creator, Dr. Kimm, has written numerous popular books on the topic of Korean Martial Arts, including the comprehensive book of parables named Philosophy of Masters. However, some famous Hapkido masters have made appearances in famous films and TV shows, including legendary ones like Bruce Lee’s The Way of the Dragon.

Useful Links

USEFUL LINKS

Links coming soon

References

REFERENCES

  1. http://www.hanmudo-hapkido.com/what-is-han-mu-do.html
  2. http://www.hanmudo-hapkido.com
  3. http://familyselfdefence.com.au/hanmudo/
  4. http://www.lamakids.com/drkimm.php

COLLABORATORS

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Contact

CONTACT

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