Judo

London Olympics Judo Women Kayla Harrison of the United States (in white) competes against Gemma Gibbons of Great Britain for women’s -78kg Judo gold at the 2012 Summer Olympics. Harrison won the gold and Gibbons won the silver. (02/08/2012) / Photo Credit: Ng Han Guan

Discipline
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COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Japan
TIME OF ORIGIN: c. 1882
PRACTISED: 136  years
FOUNDERS:

Professor Jigoro Kano

FOCUS: 

Grappling, throws

ALSO KNOWN AS: -
PARENTHOOD:

Kito-ryū, Koryū Jujutsu schools, Takenouchi-ryu, Tenjin Shin’yō-ryū

DESCENDANTS:

Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, Kosen Judo, Nippon Kempo, Sambo

OLYMPIC SPORT: Yes

NOTABLE FEMALE PRATITIONERS

AnnMaria de Mars
Gemma Gibbons
Hannah Martin
Irina Rodina
Kayla Harrison
Marti Malloy
Megumi Fujii
Ronda Rousey

NOTABLE MALE PRATITIONERS

Coming Soon!

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NATIONALITY:
DATE OF BIRTH:
AGE: 136  years
BORN:

Brazilian Jiu-jitsu, Kosen Judo, Nippon Kempo, Sambo

RESIDENCE: -
ALSO KNOWN AS: -
OCCUPATION:

Grappling, throws

JOB TITLE:

Kito-ryū, Koryū Jujutsu schools, Takenouchi-ryu, Tenjin Shin’yō-ryū

RELATED FEMALE INDIVIDUALS

AnnMaria de Mars
Gemma Gibbons
Hannah Martin
Irina Rodina
Kayla Harrison
Marti Malloy
Megumi Fujii
Ronda Rousey

RELATED MALE INDIVIDUALS

Coming Soon!

Discipline
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COUNTRY: Japan
LOCATION: -
FOUNDED: c. 1882
OPERATIONAL: 136  years
FOUNDERS:

Professor Jigoro Kano

ALSO KNOWN AS: -
SECTOR:

Grappling, throws

DESCRIPTION:

Kito-ryū, Koryū Jujutsu schools, Takenouchi-ryu, Tenjin Shin’yō-ryū

WEBSITE:

Practices

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Kano said that Judo is meant to be the way to the most effective use of both physical and spiritual strengths. The goal is to make the spiritual essence of Judo a part of one’s being by practicing attack and defence techniques. The two main ideas of Kodokan Judo are maximum efficiency and mutual welfare and respect. The concept of Kata is very important in Judo. Katas (meaning “forms”) are pre-arranged patterns of Judo techniques and are usually practiced with a partner. They illustrate the basic principles of Judo, but at the same time, teach the philosophical bases on which the technique is based. The key principle of Judo can be summarized with this statement: when the opponent pulls, one should push; when the opponent pushes, one should pull.(6)

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Rules / Rulesets

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Judo practice is controlled by elaborate sets of rules that include a special etiquette. Contestants are obliged to bow before stepping onto the mat and to each other before and after any practice or competition. Inappropriate behaviour is not tolerated by the code. Rules also disallow intentional injuring of the opponent, all kind of strikes, touching an opponent’s face and attacking joints other than elbows. Rules also ban several techniques, including kawazu gake and kani basami. The competition area is padded with mats. There are various points awarded, including ippon (one full point), waza-ari (one half point) and yuko (the smallest score that can be awarded).

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Organisations & Historical Places

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Popular Culture

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Judo is often mentioned in popular culture, mainly in numerous movies. Hollywood blockbuster Lethal Weapon, starring Mel Gibson, used the technique of front triangular choke with legs in its famous scene. Judo has also been featured in Star Trek, when Captain Kirk fights Klingons using numerous moves from this fighting system. Other than these examples, Judo has also been practiced on screen by stars such as Chuck Norris and Steven Seagal.(7)

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Useful Links

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GUIDES

MartialArtSkills.com – Hiza Guruma – Very attractive way to finish the fight

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References

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  1. http://web-japan.org/kidsweb/virtual/judo/judo01.html
  2. http://www.clovisjudoclub.com/History%20of%20Judo.htm
  3. http://judoinfo.com/
  4. http://judoinfo.com/
  5. http://web-japan.org/kidsweb/virtual/judo/judo01.html
  6. http://www.martialartsdo.org/styles/judo/summary.php
  7. http://www.intjudo.eu/Culture_and_Society/Judo_in_Art_and_Popular_Culture_/Judo_in_Art_and_Popular_Culture
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